Conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan

The recent conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over the Nagorno-Karabakh territorial dispute has significant and far-reaching impacts on the global community, particularly in terms of geopolitics and economic interests. In this article, we will discuss the historical background of the conflict and the critical geopolitical interests of the regional and global powers involved.

Historical Roots of the Conflict

Nagorno-Karabakh is a landlocked region within the borders of Azerbaijan but has a predominantly Armenian population. During the Soviet era, the region enjoyed a special status, but tensions between the two groups continued to grow. A bloody conflict erupted after the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, with the Armenians taking control of Nagorno-Karabakh. A ceasefire agreement was eventually signed in 1994, leaving Armenians in control of Nagorno-Karabakh and seven surrounding regions under Azerbaijani control.

Recent Conflict and Geopolitical Interests

The recent outbreak of hostilities in September 2020 led to a full-scale war, causing hundreds of deaths, injuries, and displacement. One of the most significant issues behind this conflict is the geopolitical interests of the regional and global powers involved. Azerbaijan and Armenia are both dependent on Russia in their military and economic affairs. Turkey openly supports Azerbaijan, having significant geopolitical and economic interests in the region. The United States, France, and Iran also have interests in the area.

Importance of Immediate Ceasefire and Structured Negotiation for Peace

Given the complexity of the geopolitical narrative, it is crucial that global leaders recognize the urgency of the situation and support an immediate ceasefire. Leaders of Armenia and Azerbaijan must invest their energy in structured discussions to resolve the conflict. Addressing humanitarian and economic needs, such as providing immediate and long-term assistance to victims, is necessary to bring lasting peace and stability to the region.


It is essential to focus on the broader perspective and recognize the gravity of the issues in this conflict. The critical geopolitical interests of regional and global powers emphasize the importance of international cooperation to achieve a peaceful resolution. This requires a holistic approach to address challenges affecting the region and the global community, such as military disengagement, humanitarian assistance, economic development, and regional integration.

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